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Oct 19, 2016

What are the key influences on Star Wars?

A New Hope concept art by Ralph McQuarrie
Ralph McQaurrie's design work was a key influence on George Lucas; vision

The Key Influences on Star Wars 


If you think George Lucas simply sat down at his desk with a pencil and a yellow legal pad and wrote down the script for Star Wars, you’ll believe they’ve recently added an extra letter to the word gullible in the dictionary.

No, George was inspired by many things as he went about making his film. From Gandalf to Japanese cinema, he cribbed and borrowed ideas from everywhere.

Here’s some of the key influences that went into the original Star Wars film and the ones that followed. 

Please note, this is not an exhaustive investigation just a summary of the more obvious things that Lucas has discussed in the past or are so obvious, they should be mentioned!


Let’s get the movies done first and the big one that everyone talks about first


The Hidden Fortress


hidden fortress poster
The Hidden Fortress was released in 1958 and became popular in the United States with the ‘film crowd’.

The movie tells story of a general and a princess, fighting their way home through enemy lines in feudal Japan with the help of a pair of bumbling peasants.  

Does that sound similar? 

What if you replaced the pair of peasants with R2D2 and C3PO? 

Yep, Lucas took the two bickering peasants and swapped them out for what became one of the most famous cinematic pairings in history.

George Lucas relates:

 “I remember the one thing that really struck me about The Hidden Fortress,” he said, “the one thing I was really intrigued by, was the fact that the story was told from the two lowest characters. I decided that would be a nice way to tell the Star Wars story.

Take the two lowliest characters, as Kurosawa did, and tell the story from their point of view. Which, in the Star Wars case is the two droids, and that was the strongest influence."

Keen eyed fans may notice the way the film swipes from one shot to another. 

This was an idea that Lucas borrowed directly from the film.

Several other movies are said to have served as inspiration for Lucas as well. We’ll touch on these very lightly.

The Searchers


Recall the scene in which Luke approaches the burned-out farm and finds Aunt Beru and Uncle Owen left murdered and burning by the Storm Troopers.

This scene is shot in such a way that it echoes a similar scene in The Searchers, in which the young hero also returns to his family’s farm to find the buildings burned and his own aunt and uncle murdered. 

The lift is direct and obvious.

The Searchers also features a young man drawn into a relationship with a relentless father figure, who seems made of evil. 

Sound familiar to Luke and Darth’s travails? 


Ben Hur


That pod race in The Phantom Menace?

It was bigger than Ben Hur but Ben inspired it.

The fateful moment when Sebulba's own pod racer connects with young Anakin's pod is nearly a shot for shot remake of Ben Hurs’ climactic moment when Messala accidentally locks wheels with the Ben Hur character.


The Dambusters


The short version is that this movie’s famous attack on the dam is the last twenty minutes of A New Hope

The torpedoes needing to hit the exact spot on the Death Star is taken directly from the need for the Dambusters to bounce the bomb to the exact part of the Dam.  

That said, the famous trench run on the Death Star was actually a lift from 633 Squadron.


Lawrence of Arabia


If you’ve seen this film, you’ll remember it features a lot of sand. As does a planet called Tattoine. 

Stars Wars blog notes:

“Many moves from David Lean’s epic were cribbed for sequences on Tatooine. The shot of Mos Eisley from the distance as Luke and Obi-Wan look from on high reminds one instantly of shots looking down at Damascus.

Shots of Tusken snipers looking down at speeders moving below echo the same sorts of shots in Lawrence of Arabia”.

Sir Alec Guiness also has a role in that film too…..

Attack of the Clones makes a very deliberate nod to Arabia in Attack of the Clones. 

Remember this scene to the right where Padme and Annakin have a chat about politics? 

Clones was shot in the exact same location and mimics a conversation the characters Dryden, Brighton and Allenby have.


Flash Gordon


Legend has it that George Lucas sought to make a film version of Flash Gordon following American Graffitti. 

He had no sway getting the rights to do so and set upon writing his own film, Star Wars.

Flash Gordon was full of sci-fi adventures where the hero travelled to space with a laser holstered to his side a mission to rescue a princess from a very very bad man. 

And Star Was has plenty of that indeed but what Star Wars really borrows from is the concept of a fairytale in which futuristic technology stands in for the traditional role of magic (think Merlin’s role in many stories). 

Which in sense may be true but what about the Force?

Lucas enjoyed Flash Gordon so much it was inevitable other elements crept into the movie. 

While the ‘swipe’ scene transitions were stolen from The Hidden Fortress, that famous Star Wars title amble marching up the screen in yellow was taken directly from the Flash Gordon serials. Lucas also borrowed the concept of a Cloud City


Edgar Rice Burrough’s and his Princess of Mars novels


John Carter of Mars book cover
Mr Carter
Burrough’s series of novels about Princess Dejah from Mars and a soldier from Earth called John Carter were written over one hundred years ago. 

 But resonated so long and strongly with their influence on other writers that Lucas eventually found out about them when he learned they were the inspiration for Flash Gordon. 

Lucas lifted all kinds of elements from Burrough’s works.

Ralph McQuarrie


Ralph is the man that turned Lucas’s ideas and conceptions into the pictures that would serve as the basis for the production design and look of the original Star War trilogy. 

If Lucas said, I have an idea that there will be two robots it was McQuarrie who gave them their look

Without McQuarrie someone else’s drawings and design would have made Star Wars a completely different movie – so much to say without McQuarrie, there would not have been the Star Wars we all know and love. 


Spock


You know when Alderaan gets smashed to a million tiny pieces by the Death Star and Obi Wan gets some really tough ‘feels’ and says "I felt a great disturbance in the Force, as if millions of voices suddenly cried out in terror and were suddenly silenced." 

Yeah, Spock did that first.



Gandalf



JRR Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings has influenced just about a million book writes and even Led Zeppelin so why not George Lucas? 

At one point the third draft of Stars featured Obi Wan Kenobi paraphrase direct passages from Tolkien’s writings.

While that was cut from the film, it served to show that Lucas had been thinking about the White Wizard so it can be argued that there is a bit of Gandalf in the foundations of the character of Ben Kenobi.


Fan boys and fan girls and mum and dads with fat wallets


There is no doubt fans influenced the series. 

Some are obvious, some not so. 

Let’s start with Bobba Fett. He had very minor parts in Empire and Jedi but he built up a massive fan base. 

So much so Jeremy Bulloch (and co) is a cult star of the Star Wars universe.

This love for Boba meant that Lucas put the character into Attack of the Clones. This gave an origin for Fett. Some loved it, some hated.

Either way, it was pretty cool to see Mace Windu cut off Jango’s head with his saber.

Jar Jar. By and large, most ‘adults’ hate Jar Jar Binks. Kids love him, but that’s not the point. Fan venom feedback meant Jar Jar’s role was significantly reduced in Attack of the Clones and he barely made an appearance in Revenge of the Sith.

Fans also spend money. And there was a lot of money to be made from Star War merchandise. 

So much so that by the time Return of the Jedi rolled around, it was said to be funded by sales of merchandise from Empire. 

The cynics have suggested that to make even more money, the intended presence of Wookie was changed to the Ewoks so toys and the like would be more marketable to children.

Timothy Zahn’s Coruscant


In the last 20 years there has been a massive written word extension of the Star Wars universe. Lots of stories about new and classic characters have been lapped up by the fans. 

Timothy Zahn’s Heir to the Throne novels created the world of Coruscant – you may know this planet as it’s where a huge amount of the action in the prequel trilogies occur.

Zahn’s novels are credited with making Star Wars popular again in the early 1990s and may have had an influence on George Lucas’s decision to make the prequel movies.

A key take way from Zahn's work is the creation of the character Grand Admiral Thrawn - he now has entered the new Star Wars cannon by virtue of havign a key role in season three of Star Wars Rebels. 

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These were just some of the more major influences on the Star Wars films. There is probably a hundred other things that inspired Lucas as the 6 films were made. 

Certainly we haven’t mentioned Frank Capra and Yoda’s death in Jedi!

2 comments:

  1. Woah, I had no idea about the Spock thing. That's pretty cool.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Wow, so much stiff went to this movie. And now people use Star War as their own inspirational launch pad.

    ReplyDelete